Does an Electric Fence Have to Make a Complete Loop? 8 Mistakes!

Do you have an electric fence to protect your ground area and garden? Or are you planning to install one? Does an electric fence have to make a complete loop? Get all the answers covered here.

Electric fences are to protect your farms and yard. It saves your cattle from bears, raccoons, or any other wild animals. You can make a complete loop on your electric fence to imitate a shock. But it can work even without it.

On your way know some common mistakes that most people make on their electric fence.

Does An Electric Fence Have To Make A Complete Loop To Get Shocked?

You don’t have to make a complete loop on your electric fence to release the shock. But completing a loop on your fence can make a big difference. It’s true that a complete loop boosts up the amperage and balances the electric flow. Without a high energizer, you cannot get that.

In short, electricity needs to travel only half of its way to make the shock on a looped fence. While in another scenario slow electricity flows through the fence. That reduces the strength of the shock.

Based on this theoretical ground a complete loop is ideal. It works without the loop as well. When one fault occurs, the whole loop gets faulty. No worries a digital fault finder can help you to find the drop of amperage on your fence.

Use a complete loop on your electric loop only when you need an extreme shock. Unless you don’t have to make a complete loop on the electric fence’s wire.

How Does An Electric Fence Work? 

An electric fence works with three essential parts

  1. An energizer generates an electrical current
  2. Electric fences conduct high tensile current flow
  3. Ground rods for earthing and returning current to the energizer

During fence installation, fence energizers send brief, high-voltage electrical pulses. Electricity flows down the ground and back to the energizer when an animal touches the wire.

Because the pulse lasts for only a fraction of a second, the animal is only shocked for a very short period, and immediately moves away from the electric fence. Therefore it will not kill animals but prevent trespassing on the fence. 

However, this type of fencing is more likely a psychological barrier rather than a physical barrier. It’s safe because it gives a sensational shock only.

Once they experience the shock they try to avoid it next time. Thus you don’t need to electrify the fence all the time in a year. And you can save your electricity bills.

8 Mistakes You Should Avoid on Your Electric Fence

1. Low Grounding On Earth

Low earth grounding of your electric fence releases weak shocks. That’s what you need to avoid low earth grounding. Unfortunately, most people are less concerned about it and make the mistake.

The length of the rods should be 6 ft to 8 ft to ensure the high voltage shock. Installing more than one ground rod is highly recommended.

2. Using Random Metals For The Fence

Using random metals for the fence weakens the shock strength. As the fence deals with copper and steel you need to use high-quality metals for it. Be sure to avoid poor-quality metals for your fence.

3. Not Maintaining Enough Gap Between Fence Posts

You should maintain a standard gap of 25 to 30 meters on your electric fence posts. While most people usually install with a 10 to 15-meter gap.

This close installation knocks out on the ground whenever something goes through it.

4. Wrongly Placed Bottom Wire

Wet soil and grass can reduce the charge from the fence charger. Make sure to avoid the wrong placement of the bottom wire. For that, you need to hook up each bottom wire separately.

5. Using Poor Quality Insulator

In the outdoors direct heat from the sun can damage the plastic quality insulator. It can be affected by ultraviolet rays as well. Try to use a higher-quality insulator for your fence.

6. Messed Up Wire Management

Messed or complex wire management of your fence can be deadly. Also, it can break and raise faults on the fence. Therefore you need good wire management for your fence to avoid any critical issues.

7. Misplacing The Solar Panel’s Charger

Another big mistake is placing the solar in the wrong direction. If it is not placed in the right direction it won’t charge the battery.

As a result, your electric fence will fail to function properly. Make sure to place it directly under the sunlight.

8. Pet Without Proper Training

Pet animals can also damage your electric fence. You need to train them properly. As the electric fence is a psychological barrier they need to learn not to touch the fence. Make sure they ignore the fence and ground wires.


Finally, an electric fence provides an additional security layer to your property area. You can keep your yard secure for farming and risky animals like bears and wild animals at night.

To ensure security you need to install it properly. Otherwise, it won’t give you a satisfactory result of protection. However, you should maintain the fence regularly to keep its functionality. 

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Bobby Taylor

Bobby Taylor

I'm Bobby Taylor, a tech lover, writer, and editor for Smart Home Protector. I am also a customer relationship officer of a well established electronics manufacturer company in the United States.

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